List of products by brand Champagne

The Champagne

A set of rules to follow

An AOC also sets out the entire terms and conditions of production that define the identity of this product :

  • rules of planting
  • rules of viticulture
  • rules of vintage
  • rules of pressing
  • rules at each step of the development process
  • rules of dressing

The rules of the AOC Champagne are very strict

The main rules of the AOC Champagne are :

  • An area strictly delimited.
  • Permitted grape varieties : chardonnay, pinot noir, meunier, pinot blanc, pinot gris, arbane, petit meslier
  • Winter pruning : Royat, Chablis, Guyot, Vallée de la Marne.
  • Limiting the yield of grapes per hectare.
  • Performance pressing.
  • Minimum degree of alcohol power, with the harvest.
  • Second fermentation in bottle and maturation on the lees for at least 15 months for non-vintage, 3 years for the vintages.

These rules are optimized continuously

New measures have been taken to improve the quality, including :

  • 1978 : the Height, spacing and density of plantations (density of 8 000 feet/ha resulting in a lower load of grapes per vine, guaranteeing optimum quality), driving mode, and system size.
  • 1984 : Ban draw the wine in bottles before the 1st January following the harvest.
  • 1991 : mandatory Accreditation of the centres of the pressing.
  • 1993 : Return to the pressing 160 pounds to 102 litres (instead of 150 pounds before)

source : champagne.fr